Does the process of Europeanization contribute to the awareness of a common identity of being Europeans among Bosnian citizens?
In the aftermath of the war in 1995 the country's national groups have started thorough processes of (re) building their national identities, respectively, thus considerably reducing common and integrating features of these national communities.
Subsequently, in 1992, the war started - and the three ethnic communities were locked in bitter conflict for almost four years.
However, the country is currently going through the European integration process, and so it is important to understand if, and to what extent, the on-going process of Europeanization has affected domestic nation-building discourses in post-war Bosnia.
In other words, the post-war political and social discourses have been largely dominated by three ethnic groups, leading to the institutional marginalization of minority groups and other citizens who are not part of the three ethnic communities.
In post-Dayton Bosnia the majority of citizens are in a position of homo duplex, or a divided humanity, since they are in a struggle, torn between being a genuine human being and a loyal ethnic being.
It seems that the best foundation for such an [European] identity is the emphasis on a shared political future, rather than a shared national past (Winn, 2003: 5).
That is, the wave of nationalism has become “an ideological movement for attaining and maintaining autonomy, unity and identity on behalf of a population deemed by some of its members to constitute an actual or potential ‘nation’” (Smith, 1991: 73).
Hence, the Europeanization process can influence identity-building process in the EU aspirants, especially in post-conflict societies such as Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Since the question of national identities is subject to slow change, it is indeed debatable to what extent the transformative impact of a Europeanization can affect the process of nation-building in Bi H.
In this regard, the Europeanization process is defined as the construction, institutionalization and diffusion of beliefs, norms, rules and policy paradigms which are consolidated in the EU policy process and then incorporated in the national discourse and structures (Bulmer and Radaelli, 2004).
No doubt the largest success of transformative EU power relates to reshaping the identity, values and norms of the Central and Eastern European countries (Keukeleire & Mac Naughton 2008: 334).