One side of the barn is then 'banked' so that there is a ramp for the haywagons to drive up to the mow.The livestock would be protectd during the winter by the insulation made by the hay on the first floor.The 19th century farms cut down ALL the trees, leaving nothing for wind breaks or for shade. Often there was very little wood lot left on the property once the lumber men had gone through.Huge old growth forests were chopped down to make barns, houses, schools and fence posts.Abandoned farms became a noticeable feature of the landscape. The introduction of farm machinery corresponded with the decrease in available farm labor.1847 was the beginning of the the great Massey company.
Origins The first European settlers to create homesteads in British North America all had barns. One side of the structure was for humans, the other for livestock.Then the family would move into a frame or stone house and the original log cabin would be designated for livestock use. The farm buildings would generally be north of the house to provide a break in the wind. They needed access to a river, stream or good well. All farmers would have placed their houses so the chimneys would not be affected by changes in the wind.The barns would have been placed to block the wind where possible. Farmers started to grow orchards, but shade trees came later.Many old barns are being restored and used as housing, wine tasting facilities and other useful purposes such as gyms, yoga retreats, and artist's studios.Basic English Barn An English style barn would have two mows' or haymows, often at right angles to one another.