Since 2001, the age of consent in Albania is 14, regardless of gender and sexual orientation.In the case of a girl, however, sex is illegal if she is over 14 but has not reached "sexual maturity", as provided by article 100 of the criminal code.The offence "initiating sexual contacts with minors under 14 through the use of computer system" is punishable by two years imprisonment (Section 208a Penal Code).The Austrian Criminal Code previously specified 18 as the age of consent for male homosexual sex in which the other partner was aged 14–18, while no equivalent provision existed for heterosexual sexual conduct; this was Section 209 of the Criminal Code.
(No specific age is recommended.) As of December 2016, the convention has been ratified by 42 states, while another 5 states have signed but not yet ratified the convention.
Section 209 came into force when homosexuality between males became legal in 1971.
On 24 June 2002, the Austrian Constitutional Court ruled that Section 209 was unconstitutional. On 9 January 2003, the European Court of Human Rights held, in L & V v Austria, that Section 209 violated Articles 8 and 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 152 Sexual intercourse with the person below the age of 16 years, as well as the same offences linked with satisfaction of sexual passion in perverted forms shall be punished by imprisonment up to 3 years.
Austria, Denmark, Germany, Liechtenstein, Portugal). These laws can be found mostly in the countries which have a lower age of consent.
As of 2014, 15 is the most common age of consent in the European Union.